In the context of the general laws and driving forces of the development of culture, Modernism vs. Postmodernism express the worldview of their time, a kind of protest against reality. Both phenomena of culture create new trends in philosophy, art and modernist literature.
Cultural modernism is traditionally called the broad direction in European art and culture of the last quarter of the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, which arose in France. In a broad sense, modernism is understood as a complex movement in the culture of the 20th century, “the totality of artistic trends, schools at the beginning of the 20th century that expressed a departure from the cultural values of the 18th and 19th centuries. and proclaimed new approaches and values.
Postmodern is the whole set of themes, definitions, and elements that contribute to the formation of postmodernism. It was born out of criticism of modernism and represents a reaction to the art of the previous era, marks the reassessment of values. The main emphasis is shifted from the problems of artistic form to the problem of interpretation of an artistic phenomenon. The art of postmodernism denies the artistic quality, for it, there are no uniform rules. The works of postmodernism are distinguished by obvious eclecticism, a return to traditional art forms.
Of great importance in the postmodern literature are borrowings from the art of the distant and recent past, citation. In this postmodernism seeks to overcome the elitist characteristics of modernist currents, using the so-called double code system, where the language of images and forms, understandable to the mass consumer of culture, also has a second meaning – for the prepared spectator.
The ratio of modernism and postmodernism in the scientific literature is assessed ambiguously. Most theorists oppose attempts to present postmodernism as a product of the decomposition of modernism. Postmodernism and modernity for them are only mutually complementary types of thinking, like the worldview co-existence of “harmonious” and “destructive.”
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